Although the phenotypic and regulatory properties of the CD4 +CD25+ T cell lineage (Treg cells) have been well described, the specificities remain largely unknown. We demonstrate here that the CD4+CD25+ Treg population includes the recognition of a broad spectrum of human TCR CDR2 determinants found in the germline V gene repertoire as well as that of a clonotypic nongermline-encoded CDR3β sequence present in a recombinant soluble T cell receptor (TCR) protein. Regulatory activity was demonstrated in T cell lines responsive to TCR but not in T cell lines responsive to control antigens. Inhibitory activity of TCR-reactive T cells required cell-cell contact and involved CTLA-4, GITR, IL-10, and IL-17. Thus, the T-T regulatory network includes Treg cells with specificity directed toward self-TCR determinants.
- Multiple sclerosis
- Regulatory T cells
- T cell receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience