Sound therapy for tinnitus management: Practicable options

Derek J. Hoare, Grant D. Searchfield, Amr El Refaie, James A. Henry

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The authors reviewed practicable options of sound therapy for tinnitus, the evidence base for each option, and the implications of each option for the patient and for clinical practice. Purpose: To provide a general guide to selecting sound therapy options in clinical practice. Intervention: Practicable sound therapy options. Data Collection and Analysis: Where available, peer-reviewed empirical studies, conference proceedings, and review studies were examined. Material relevant to the purpose was summarized in a narrative. Results: The number of peer-reviewed publications pertaining to each sound therapy option reviewed varied significantly (from none to over 10). Overall there is currently insufficient evidence to support or refute the routine use of individual sound therapy options. It is likely, however, that sound therapy combined with education and counseling is generally helpful to patients. Conclusions: Clinicians need to be guided by the patient's point of care, patient motivation and expectations of sound therapy, and the acceptability of the intervention both in terms of the sound stimuli they are to use and whether they are willing to use sound extensively or intermittently. Clinicians should also clarify to patients the role sound therapy is expected to play in the management plan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-75
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Audiology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Habituation
  • Masking
  • Neuromodulation
  • Progressive management
  • Residual inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing

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