Some of the effects of terrorism on refugees

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


Highly traumatized people are vulnerable to exacerbation of symptoms when confronted with stressful situations. The extensive TV coverage of the 9/11 attacks provided such a stressful stimulus. Many patients from Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Somalia, and Bosnia had severe reactions. Nightmares and flashbacks occurred most among Somalis, who felt less safe; depressive symptoms increased most among Bosnians. Encouraging patients to turn off the TV was very therapeutic. The Patriot Act severely affected refugee immigration to the United States, leaving many families separated and increasing suspicions of discrimination among Muslim refugees. Terrorism’s effects are pervasive and destructive. Some countermeasures may have similar unintended consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Trauma of Terrorism
Subtitle of host publicationSharing Knowledge and Shared Care, An International Handbook
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781136747052
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • 9/11
  • Counter terrorism
  • Media
  • PTSD
  • Refugees

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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