Somatic and psychological symptoms during isoproterenol-induced panic attacks

Richard Balon, Vikram K. Yeragani, Robert Pohl, John Muench, Richard Berchou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine which symptoms characterized isoproterenol-induced panic attacks, we analyzed the presence of panic attacks in 54 panic disorder patients who panicked, 24 patients who did not panic, and 37 controls who did not panic during isoproterenol infusions. The increases over the baseline of the symptoms shortness of breath and fear of going crazy were highly associated with panicking patients when compared to nonpanicking patients and nonpanicking controls. The increases of the symptoms trembling and shaking, generally nervous, and fear of going crazy were highly associated with patients when compared to controls. The possibility of a cognitive theory of panic attacks is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1990

Keywords

  • Isoproterenol
  • cognitive theory
  • panic attack
  • panic disorder patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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