Small vessel leg angiography for distal vessel bypass grafts

Blaine E. Kozak, Jane E. Bedell, Josef Rosch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


To improve visualization of the small vessels for distal bypass grafting, arteriograms of the lower extremity were obtained in 187 patients by use of active warming of the extremities, selective distal positioning of the catheter for contrast agent injections, and intraarterial administration of tolazoline. With these techniques, satisfactory visualization was obtained for planning of operation, and in only one patient was an intraoperative arteriogram necessary before bypass grafts were placed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-715
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Small vessel leg angiography for distal vessel bypass grafts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this