Bone is the most common metastatic site for breast cancer. The excessive osteoclast activity in the metastatic bone lesions often produces osteolysis. The cyclic-AMP (cAMP)-response element binding protein (CREB) serves a variety of biological functions including the transformation and immortalization of breast cancer cells. In addition, evidence has shown that CREB plays a key role in osteoclastgenesis and bone resorption. Small organic molecules with good pharmacokinetic properties and specificity, targeting CREB-CBP (CREB-binding protein) interaction to inhibit CREB-mediated gene transcription have attracted more considerations as cancer therapeutics. We recently identified naphthol AS-E (nAS-E) as a cell-permeable inhibitor of CREB-mediated gene transcription through inhibiting CREB-CBP interaction. In this study, we tested the effect of nAS-E on breast cancer cell proliferation, survival, migration as well as osteoclast formation and bone resorption in vitro for the first time. Our results demonstrated that nAS-E inhibited breast cancer cell proliferation, migration, survival and suppressed osteoclast differentiation as well as bone resorption through inhibiting CREB-CBP interaction. In addition, the in vivo effect of nAS-E in protecting against breast cancer-induced osteolysis was evaluated. Our results indicated that nAS-E could reverse bone loss induced by MDA-MB-231 tumour. These results suggest that small molecules targeting CREB-CBP interaction to inhibit CREB-mediated gene transcription might be a potential approach for the treatment of breast cancer bone metastasis.
- breast cancer bone metastasis
- naphthol AS-E
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Cell Biology