Slumping resistance and viscoelasticity prior to setting of dental composites

In Bog Lee, Juhea Chang, Jack Ferracane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop a method for measuring the slumping resistance of resin composites and to evaluate the efficacy using rheological methodology. Methods: Two commercial hybrid composites (Z100 and Z250) and a nanofill composite (Z350) were used to make disc-shaped specimens of 2 mm thickness. Three kinds of aluminum molds with triangular, circular, and square shaped cutting surfaces were pressed onto the resin discs to make standardized imprints. The imprints were light-cured either immediately (non-slumped) or after waiting for 2 min at 25 °C (slumped). White stone replicas were made and then scanned for topography using a laser 3-D profilometer. Slumping resistance index (SRI) was defined as the ratio of the groove depth of the slumped specimen to that of the non-slumped specimen. The pre-cure viscoelasticity of each composite was evaluated by an oscillatory shear test and normal stress was measured by a squeeze test using a rheometer. Correlation analysis was performed to investigate the relationship between the viscoelastic properties and SRI. Results: SRI varied between the three materials (Z100 < Z250 < Z350) and the imprint shapes did not affect the slumping tendency. The SRI was strongly correlated with the loss shear modulus G″ but not with the loss tangent. Also, slumping resistance was more closely related to the resistance to shear flow than to the normal stress. Significance: Slumping tendency could be quantified using the imprint method and SRI. The index may be applicable to evaluate the clinical handling characteristics of composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1586-1593
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008


  • Handling characteristics
  • Resin composites
  • Rheology
  • Slumping resistance
  • Viscoelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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