SK channels and calmodulin

John P. Adelman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calcium ions are Nature’s most widely used signaling mechanism, mediating communication between pathways at virtually every physiological level. Ion channels are no exception, as the activities of a wide range of ion channels are intricately shaped by fluctuations in intracellular Ca2+ levels. Mirroring the importance and the breadth of Ca2+ signaling, free Ca2+ levels are tightly controlled, and a myriad of Ca2+ binding proteins transduce Ca2+ signals, each with its own nuance, comprising a constantly changing symphony of metabolic activity. The founding member of Ca2+ binding proteins is calmodulin (CaM), a small, acidic, modular protein endowed with gymnastic-like flexibility and E-F hand motifs that chelate Ca2+ ions. In this review, I will trace the history that led to the realization that CaM serves as the Ca2+-gating cue for SK channels, the experiments that revealed that CaM is an intrinsic subunit of SK channels, and itself a target of regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalChannels
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Ca-gating
  • Calmodulin
  • Curing
  • E-F hands
  • Intrinsic subunit
  • Paramecium
  • SK channel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry

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