Site-specific acetylation by p300 or CREB binding protein regulates erythroid Krüppel-like factor transcriptional activity via its interaction with the SWI-SNF complex

W. Zhang, S. Kadam, B. M. Emerson, J. J. Bieker

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Recruitment of modifiers and remodelers to specific DNA sites within chromatin plays a critical role in controlling gene expression. The study of globin gene regulation provides a convergence point within which to address these issues in the context of tissue-specific and developmentally regulated expression. In this regard, erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF) is critical. EKLF is a red cell-specific activator whose presence is crucial for establishment of the correct chromatin structure and high-level transcriptional induction of adult β-globin. We now find, by metabolic labeling-immunoprecipitation experiments, that EKLF is acetylated in the erythroid cell. EKLF residues acetylated by CREB binding protein (CBP) in vitro map to Lys-288 in its transactivation domain and Lys-302 in its zinc finger domain. Although site-specific DNA binding by EKLF is unaffected by the acetylation status of either of these lysines, directed mutagenesis of Lys-288 (but not Lys-302) decreases the ability of EKLF to transactivate the β-globin promoter in vivo and renders it unable to be superactivated by coexpressed p300 or CBP. In addition, the acetyltransferase function of CBP or p300 is required for super-activation of wild-type EKLF. Finally, acetylated EKLF has a higher affinity for the SWI-SNF chromatin remodeling complex and is a more potent transcriptional activator of chromatin-assembled templates in vitro. These results demonstrate that the acetylation status of EKLF is critical for its optimal activity and suggest a mechanism by which EKLF acts as an integrator of remodeling and transcriptional components to alter chromatin structure and induce adult β-globin expression within the β-like globin cluster.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2413-2422
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Mar 28 2001


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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