Background: The Mustard operation is a complex atrial rerouting performed in patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) is an important problem in these patients. While catheter ablation (CA) is successful, three-dimensional (3D) mapping is necessary to prove block at the CTI. 3D mapping, however, requires baffle puncture. We tested a simplified concept to prove isthmus block after CA for AFL in Mustard patients. Methods: During electrophysiology study, catheters were placed in the high and low systemic venous atrium (HSVA and LSVA) and in the low pulmonary venous atrium (LPVA). LPVA and then LSVA were paced while recording in the HSVA and the alternate site. While pacing from one low site, the time taken to activate the other low site and the HSVA was compared before and after successful ablation. Results: Three patients with Mustard operation and AFL underwent successful CA. Involvement of the CTI in AFL was proved by entrainment mapping. AFL was terminated during ablation and no longer inducible after ablation in all. LSVA pacing showed LPVA activation preceded HSVA activation preablation and activation pattern reversal after ablation. Likewise, LPVA pacing showed LSVA activation preceding HSVA preablation with reversal after ablation. Conclusion: This study provides a simple method to demonstrate bidirectional block at the CTI in patients with CTI-based AFL after Mustard operation for TGA. (PACE 2009; 1294-1298).
- Atrial flutter
- Cavotricuspid isthmus
- Electrophysiology tests
- Radiofrequency catheter ablation
- Transposition of the great arteries
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine