Different human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) vaccine vectors expressing the same viral antigens can elicit disparate T-cell responses. Within this spectrum, replicating variable vaccines, like SIVmac239Δnef, appear to generate particularly efficacious CD8+ T-cell responses. Here, we sequenced T-cell receptor β-chain (TRB) gene rearrangements from immunodominant Mamu-A*01-restricted Tat 28-35SL8-specific CD8+ T-cell populations together with the corresponding viral epitope in four rhesus macaques during acute SIVmac239Δnef infection. Ultradeep pyrosequencing showed that viral variants arose with identical kinetics in SIVmac239Δnef and pathogenic SIVmac239 infection. Furthermore, distinct Tat28-35SL8-specific T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoires were elicited by SIVmac239Δnef compared to those observed following a DNA/Ad5 prime-boost regimen, likely reflecting differences in antigen sequence stability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas