Shy-bold continuum in pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus): an ecological study of a psychological trait

D. S. Wilson, K. Coleman, A. B. Clark, L. Biederman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    358 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A shy-bold continuum, which influences diet, predator risk, and parasite fauna, exists in juvenile pumpkinseed. Individual differences are relatively stable in nature but seem to disappear when the fish are held in social and ecological isolation in the laboratory. Thus, phenotypic stability may not reflect innate tendencies to be shy or bold but rather environmental conditions that maintain differences between phenotypically plastic individuals. -from Authors

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)250-260
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Comparative Psychology
    Volume107
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Psychology (miscellaneous)

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