Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevalence among Women at Risk for HIV Exposure Initiating Safer Conception Care in Rural, Southwestern Uganda

Pooja Chitneni, Mwebesa Bosco Bwana, Moran Owembabazi, Kasey O'Neil, Paul Kato Kalyebara, Winnie Muyindike, Nicholas Musinguzi, David R. Bangsberg, Jeanne M. Marrazzo, Jessica E. Haberer, Angela Kaida, Lynn T. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Knowledge of sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence and risk factors is important to the development of tenofovir-based preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and safer conception programming. We introduced STI screening among women at risk for HIV exposure who were participating in a safer conception study in southwestern Uganda. Methods We enrolled 131 HIV-uninfected women, planning for pregnancy with a partner living with HIV or of unknown HIV serostatus (2018-2019). Women were offered comprehensive safer conception counseling, including PrEP. Participants completed interviewer-administered questionnaires detailing sociodemographics and sexual history. We integrated laboratory screening for chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, and syphilis as a substudy to assess STI prevalence. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine correlates. Results Ninety-four women completed STI screening (72% of enrolled). Median age was 30 (interquartile range, 26-34) years, and 94% chose PrEP as part of safer conception care. Overall, 24% had STIs: 13% chlamydia, 2% gonorrhea, 6% trichomoniasis, 6% syphilis, and 3% ≥2 STI. Sexually transmitted infection prevalence was associated with younger age (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77-0.99), prior stillbirth (AOR, 5.04; 95% CI, 1.12-22.54), and not feeling vulnerable to HIV (AOR, 16.33; 95% CI, 1.12-237.94). Conclusions We describe a 24% curable STI prevalence among women at risk for HIV exposure who were planning for pregnancy. These data highlight the importance of integrating laboratory-based STI screening into safer conception programs to maximize the health of HIV-affected women, children, and families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E24-E28
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Chitneni, P., Bwana, M. B., Owembabazi, M., O'Neil, K., Kalyebara, P. K., Muyindike, W., Musinguzi, N., Bangsberg, D. R., Marrazzo, J. M., Haberer, J. E., Kaida, A., & Matthews, L. T. (2020). Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevalence among Women at Risk for HIV Exposure Initiating Safer Conception Care in Rural, Southwestern Uganda. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 47(8), E24-E28. https://doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001197