Separable helper factors support B cell proliferation and maturation to Ig secretion

D. C. Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 24-hr culture supernatant of Con A-activated spleen cells (SN) contains helper factors that enable maturation to high-rate polyclonal Ig secretion and enhance proliferation in cultures of mouse B cells activated with the F(ab')2 fragment of class-specific rabbit anti-mouse IgM antibody (anti-Ig). When interleukin 2(IL 2), also called T cell growth factor, is removed from SN by absorption with an IL 2-dependent cell line at either 4°C or 37°C, all the helper activity for anti-Ig-activated B cells is also removed. Partial removal of IL 2 results in partial removal of helper activity for B cells. However, the IL 2-depleted SN appears to contain another helper factor, TRF, that enables anti-Ig-activated B cell cultures to mature to high-rate Ig secretion. This TRF activity is revealed by adding purified human IL 2 or an IL 2-containing supernatant of a cloned, lectin-activated T cell hybridoma line (FS6-14.13) to IL 2-depleted SN, which restores the polyclonal antibody response to anti-Ig. The hybridoma supernatant by itself supports proliferation of anti-Ig-activated B cell cultures, as measured by an increase in cell number, but not maturation to Ig secretion. This proliferative response is likewise IL 2 dependent, although purified IL 2 with anti-Ig is not sufficient. These experiments define separable combinations of factors acting on anti-Ig-activated B cell cultures, one of which (SN) results in both proliferation and maturation to high-rate Ig secretion, whereas the other (hybridoma supernatant) results in proliferation only. IL 2 appears to be an esential component of both combinations, although the target cell for IL 2 action in this system remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-474
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume129
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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