Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Dietary Change in a Low-Socioeconomic-Status Southern Adult Population

Jackilen (Jackie) Shannon, Betty Kirkley, Alice Ammerman, Thomas Keyserling, Kristine Kelsey, Robert DeVellis, Ross J. Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is an increasing emphasis on designing health promotion interventions for low-socioeconomic-status (SES) individuals. However, many previously developed behavior change tools have not been tested in this population. Self-efficacy was measured at pre- and postintervention as part of a randomized clinical trial to reduce cholesterol levels in rural low-SES Southern adults. A 22-item scale was designed and validated to measure subjects' confidence in their abilities to make dietary changes. High mean self-efficacy was noted in both control and intervention subjects at pre- and postintervention. Mean self-efficacy score was a significant predictor of dietary change at both preintervention and postintervention. This study demonstrates that self-efficacy is a predictor of ability to make dietary changes in a low-SES rural population. This finding is of significance to researchers and practitioners wishing to design theory-based health promotion interventions in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-368
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Volume24
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Social Class
Aptitude
Health Promotion
Population
Rural Population
Randomized Controlled Trials
Cholesterol
Research Personnel
Dietary Change
Socioeconomic Status
Predictors
Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Shannon, J. J., Kirkley, B., Ammerman, A., Keyserling, T., Kelsey, K., DeVellis, R., & Simpson, R. J. (1997). Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Dietary Change in a Low-Socioeconomic-Status Southern Adult Population. Health Education and Behavior, 24(3), 357-368.

Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Dietary Change in a Low-Socioeconomic-Status Southern Adult Population. / Shannon, Jackilen (Jackie); Kirkley, Betty; Ammerman, Alice; Keyserling, Thomas; Kelsey, Kristine; DeVellis, Robert; Simpson, Ross J.

In: Health Education and Behavior, Vol. 24, No. 3, 06.1997, p. 357-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shannon, JJ, Kirkley, B, Ammerman, A, Keyserling, T, Kelsey, K, DeVellis, R & Simpson, RJ 1997, 'Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Dietary Change in a Low-Socioeconomic-Status Southern Adult Population', Health Education and Behavior, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 357-368.
Shannon JJ, Kirkley B, Ammerman A, Keyserling T, Kelsey K, DeVellis R et al. Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Dietary Change in a Low-Socioeconomic-Status Southern Adult Population. Health Education and Behavior. 1997 Jun;24(3):357-368.
Shannon, Jackilen (Jackie) ; Kirkley, Betty ; Ammerman, Alice ; Keyserling, Thomas ; Kelsey, Kristine ; DeVellis, Robert ; Simpson, Ross J. / Self-Efficacy as a Predictor of Dietary Change in a Low-Socioeconomic-Status Southern Adult Population. In: Health Education and Behavior. 1997 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 357-368.
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