Selective binding of RGMc/hemojuvelin, a key protein in systemic iron metabolism, to BMP-2 and neogenin

Robin Kuns-Hashimoto, David Kuninger, Mahta Nili, Peter Rotwein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Juvenile hemochromatosis is a severe and rapidly progressing hereditary disorder of iron overload, and it is caused primarily by defects in the gene encoding repulsive guidance molecule c/hemojuvelin (RGMc/HJV), a recently identified protein that undergoes a complicated biosynthetic pathway in muscle and liver, leading to cell membrane-linked single-chain and heterodimeric species, and two secreted single-chain isoforms. RGMc modulates expression of the hepatic iron regulatory factor, hepcidin, potentially through effects on signaling by the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family of soluble growth factors. To date, little is known about specific pathogenic defects in disease-causing RGMc/HJV proteins. Here we identify functional abnormalities in three juvenile hemochromatosis-linked mutants. Using a combination of approaches, we first show that BMP-2 could interact in biochemical assays with single-chain RGMc species, and also could bind to cell-associated RGMc. Two mouse RGMc amino acid substitution mutants, D165E and G313V (corresponding to human D172E and G320V), also could bind BMP-2, but less effectively than wild-type RGMc, while G92V (human G99V) could not. In contrast, the membrane-spanning protein, neogenin, a receptor for the related molecule, RGMa, preferentially bound membrane-associated heterodimeric RGMc and was able to interact on cells only with wild-type RGMc and G92V. Our results show that different isoforms of RGMc/HJV may play unique physiological roles through defined interactions with distinct signaling proteins and demonstrate that, in some disease-linked RGMc mutants, these interactions are defective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C994-C1003
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume294
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Bone morphogenetic protein
  • Juvenile hemochromatosis
  • Repulsive guidance molecule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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