Segmental Motion of Cervical Arthroplasty Leads to Decreased Adjacent-Level Degeneration: Analysis of the 7-Year Postoperative Results of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial

Jeffrey M. Spivak, Jack E. Zigler, Travis Philipp, Michael Janssen, Bruce Darden, Kris Radcliff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cervical artificial disc replacement (C-ADR) has become a common and accepted surgical treatment for many patients with cervical disc degeneration/herniation and radiculopathy who have failed nonoperative treatment. Midterm follow-up studies of the original investigational device exemption trials comparing C-ADR to traditional anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) have revealed C-ADR patients have less adjacent-level disease and fewer reoperations at 5 to 7 years. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of radiographic adjacent-level disease (R-ALD) with the amount of index-level segmental range of motion (ROM) in C-ADR patients using the long-term follow-up data from the ProDisc-C investigational device exemption trial. Methods: This was a post hoc analysis of a 1:1 randomized controlled trial. The initial previously described Food and Drug Administration–approved 2-year study was extended, and consenting patients in the original study were followed at annual intervals up to 7 years. Logistic regression was used to assess any progression in adjacent-level disease (ALD). Ordinal logistic regression was also used to assess the relationship between any progressive R-ALD and final flexion extension (F/E) ROM in C-ADR patients. Spearman’s rank-order correlation was used when R-ALD was kept as an ordinal variable to assess the same relationship. Results: At the last follow-up visit, the rate of progressive R-ALD was significantly higher in ACDF patients than in C-ADR patients. When C-ADR patients were divided into 3 groups based on final F/E ROM, those with 0° to 3° (n = 19), 4° to 6° (n = 15), and 7° (n = 42) of segmental motion at the index procedure level, the rate of progressive R-ALD trended significantly with final ROM (P = 0.01). Conclusions: C-ADR leads to a significant decrease in R-ALD compared to ACDF. The difference in R-ALD is related to the preservation of motion at the index level and resultant preservation of kinematics and forces across the adjacent disc space. Level of Evidence: 4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-193
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Spine Surgery
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • adjacent segment degeneration
  • cervical arthroplasty
  • disc replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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