Secukinumab efficacy on enthesitis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: Pooled analysis of four pivotal phase III studies

Georg Schett, Xenofon Baraliakos, Filip van den Bosch, Atul Deodhar, Mikkel Østergaard, Ayan Das Gupta, Shephard Mpofu, Todd Fox, Adam Winseck, Brian Porter, Abhijit Shete, Lianne S. Gensler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To assess the efficacy of secukinumab on axial and peripheral enthesitis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using pooled data from randomized controlled phase III studies. Methods. In this posthoc analysis, data were pooled from patients originally randomized to secukinumab 150 mg, 300 mg, or placebo (PBO) from phase III MEASURE 1-4 studies (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01358175, NCT01649375, NCT02008916, and NCT02159053). Maastricht AS Enthesitis Score (MASES) was used for assessments of enthesitis through Week 52. Efficacy outcomes were mean change in MASES score and complete resolution (MASES = 0) of enthesitis in patients with baseline MASES > 0. Results. A total of 693 (71.5%) patients had enthesitis at baseline in secukinumab 300 mg, 150 mg, and PBO groups (58 [76.3%], 355 [70.4%], and 280 [72%], respectively) out of 969 patients pooled in this analysis. At Week 16, mean changes from baseline for overall MASES and enthesitis at axial MASES sites, respectively, were as follows: -2.9 (P < 0.01) and -2.9 (P < 0.01) for secukinumab 300 mg; -2.4 (P < 0.015) and -2.3 (P< 0.05) for secukinumab 150 mg; and -1.9 and -1.8 for PBO, with improvements seen through Week 52. More than one-third of secukinumab-treated patients (300 mg: 36.2%; 150 mg: 40.8%) achieved complete resolution of enthesitis at Week 16. Conclusion. Secukinumab improved enthesitis at overall MASES and axial sites in patients with AS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1251-1258
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2021

Keywords

  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Biological therapy
  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin
  • Spondyloarthropathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology

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