Seasonal Affective Disorder

A Description of the Syndrome and Preliminary Findings With Light Therapy

Norman E. Rosenthal, David A. Sack, J. Christian Gillin, Alfred Lewy, Frederick K. Goodwin, Yolande Davenport, Peter S. Mueller, David A. Newsome, Thomas A. Wehr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1657 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a syndrome characterized by recurrent depressions that occur annually at the same time each year. We describe 29 patients with SAD; most of them had a bipolar affective disorder, especially bipolar II, and their depressions were generally characterized by hypersomnia, overeating, and carbohydrate craving and seemed to respond to changes in climate and latitude. Sleep recordings in nine depressed patients confirmed the presence of hypersomnia and showed increased sleep latency and reduced slow-wave (delta) sleep. Preliminary studies in 11 patients suggest that extending the photoperiod with bright artificial light has an antidepressant effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

Fingerprint

Seasonal Affective Disorder
Phototherapy
Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
Sleep
Depression
Hyperphagia
Climate Change
Photoperiod
Mood Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Antidepressive Agents
Carbohydrates
Light
Therapy
Affective
Syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Rosenthal, N. E., Sack, D. A., Gillin, J. C., Lewy, A., Goodwin, F. K., Davenport, Y., ... Wehr, T. A. (1984). Seasonal Affective Disorder: A Description of the Syndrome and Preliminary Findings With Light Therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41(1), 72-80. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1984.01790120076010

Seasonal Affective Disorder : A Description of the Syndrome and Preliminary Findings With Light Therapy. / Rosenthal, Norman E.; Sack, David A.; Gillin, J. Christian; Lewy, Alfred; Goodwin, Frederick K.; Davenport, Yolande; Mueller, Peter S.; Newsome, David A.; Wehr, Thomas A.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 41, No. 1, 1984, p. 72-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rosenthal, NE, Sack, DA, Gillin, JC, Lewy, A, Goodwin, FK, Davenport, Y, Mueller, PS, Newsome, DA & Wehr, TA 1984, 'Seasonal Affective Disorder: A Description of the Syndrome and Preliminary Findings With Light Therapy', Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 72-80. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1984.01790120076010
Rosenthal, Norman E. ; Sack, David A. ; Gillin, J. Christian ; Lewy, Alfred ; Goodwin, Frederick K. ; Davenport, Yolande ; Mueller, Peter S. ; Newsome, David A. ; Wehr, Thomas A. / Seasonal Affective Disorder : A Description of the Syndrome and Preliminary Findings With Light Therapy. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1984 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 72-80.
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