Screen time and physical activity during adolescence

Longitudinal effects on obesity in young adulthood

Janne Heinonen, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Linda S. Adair, Barry M. Popkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The joint impact of sedentary behavior and physical activity on obesity has not been assessed in a large cohort followed from adolescence to adulthood. Methods: Nationally representative longitudinal data from Waves II (1995; mean age: 15.9) and III (2001; mean age: 21.4) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 9,155) were collected. Sex-stratified multivariate logistic regression analysis assessed the odds of obesity associated with Wave II MVPA and screen time, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and change in MVPA and screen time from Wave II to III. Obesity was defined using body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) International Obesity Task Force cut-points at Wave II and adult cut-points at Wave III (BMI ≥ 30). Results: In males, adjusted odds of prevalent obesity was strongly predicted by MVPA bouts [OR (95% CI): OR6 vs. 1 MVPA bouts = 0.50 (0.40, 0.62); OR4 vs. 40 hrs screen time = 0.83 (0.69, 1.00)]. In females, greater MVPA bouts and lower screen time correlated with lower prevalent obesity [OR (95% CI): OR6 vs. 1 MVPA bouts = 0.67 (0.49, 0.91); OR4 vs. 40 hrs screen time = 0.67 (0.53, 0.85)]. Longitudinally, adolescent screen time hours had a stronger influence on incident obesity in females [OR (95% CI): OR4 vs. 40 hrs = 0.58 (0.43, 0.80)] than males [OR (95% CI): OR4 vs. 40 hrs = 0.78 (0.61, 0.99)]. Longitudinal activity patterns were not predictive of incident obesity. Conclusion: Reducing screen time during adolescence and into adulthood may be a promising strategy for reducing obesity incidence, especially in females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number26
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 8 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Obesity
Exercise
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Advisory Committees
Body Mass Index
Joints
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Screen time and physical activity during adolescence : Longitudinal effects on obesity in young adulthood. / Heinonen, Janne; Gordon-Larsen, Penny; Adair, Linda S.; Popkin, Barry M.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 4, 26, 08.06.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: The joint impact of sedentary behavior and physical activity on obesity has not been assessed in a large cohort followed from adolescence to adulthood. Methods: Nationally representative longitudinal data from Waves II (1995; mean age: 15.9) and III (2001; mean age: 21.4) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 9,155) were collected. Sex-stratified multivariate logistic regression analysis assessed the odds of obesity associated with Wave II MVPA and screen time, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and change in MVPA and screen time from Wave II to III. Obesity was defined using body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) International Obesity Task Force cut-points at Wave II and adult cut-points at Wave III (BMI ≥ 30). Results: In males, adjusted odds of prevalent obesity was strongly predicted by MVPA bouts [OR (95{\%} CI): OR6 vs. 1 MVPA bouts = 0.50 (0.40, 0.62); OR4 vs. 40 hrs screen time = 0.83 (0.69, 1.00)]. In females, greater MVPA bouts and lower screen time correlated with lower prevalent obesity [OR (95{\%} CI): OR6 vs. 1 MVPA bouts = 0.67 (0.49, 0.91); OR4 vs. 40 hrs screen time = 0.67 (0.53, 0.85)]. Longitudinally, adolescent screen time hours had a stronger influence on incident obesity in females [OR (95{\%} CI): OR4 vs. 40 hrs = 0.58 (0.43, 0.80)] than males [OR (95{\%} CI): OR4 vs. 40 hrs = 0.78 (0.61, 0.99)]. Longitudinal activity patterns were not predictive of incident obesity. Conclusion: Reducing screen time during adolescence and into adulthood may be a promising strategy for reducing obesity incidence, especially in females.",
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