Schedule of passive ethanol exposure affects subsequent intragastric ethanol self-infusion

Tara L. Fidler, Brandon G. Oberlin, Amanda M. Struthers, Christopher L. Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Many studies have shown that chronic ethanol exposure can enhance later self-administration of ethanol, but only a few studies have identified critical parameters for such exposure. The present studies examined temporal and other parameters of chronic ethanol exposure on subsequent intragastric (IG) self-infusion of ethanol. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats implanted with IG catheters were passively infused with ethanol for 5 to 6 days and then allowed to self-infuse ethanol or water using a procedure in which infusions were contingent upon licking fruit-flavored solutions. Experiment 1 examined the time interval between consecutive periods of passive infusion (Massed Group: 12 hours vs. Spaced Group: 36 hours). Experiment 2 studied the interval between the final passive infusion and onset of self-infusion (12 vs. 36 hours). Finally, Experiment 3 tested the effect of inserting self-infusion days within the passive infusion phase. Results: Passive ethanol exposure on consecutive days induced relatively large amounts of ethanol self-infusion (4.1 to 7.9 g/kg/d). Increasing the duration of the ethanol-free interval between periods of passive exposure to 36 hours significantly reduced ethanol self-infusion (2.2 g/kg/d; Exp. 1). The time delay between the last passive ethanol exposure and onset of self-infusion had no effect on self-infusion (Exp. 2). Moreover, inserting no-choice self-infusion days between the last few passive exposure days did not increase self-infusion (Exp. 3). Conclusions: Measurement of withdrawal signs indicated that Massed passive exposure produced stronger dependence than Spaced passive exposure, suggesting that enhanced ethanol self-infusion in Massed Groups might be explained by the opportunity for greater negative reinforcement by ethanol. Although enhanced negative reinforcement might also explain why the Massed Group showed a weaker aversion for the ethanol-paired flavor than the Spaced Group, this observation could also be explained by the development of greater tolerance to ethanol's aversive pharmacological effects in the Massed Group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1909-1923
Number of pages15
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume33
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Keywords

  • Dependence
  • Intragastric
  • Rats
  • Self-Administration
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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