Schedule control and mental health: the relevance of coworkers’ reports

David Hurtado, M. Maria Glymour, Lisa F. Berkman, Dean Hashimoto, Silje E. Reme, Glorian Sorensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although some studies suggest that schedule control might promote mental health, research has over-relied on self-reports, which might explain why the evidence is inconclusive and mixed. In this study, we introduce an analytical approach based on coworkers’ reports (in lieu of self-reports) in order to better characterize the organizational nature of schedule control, and to address biases of self-reports (e.g. reverse causation or confounding). Following job demand-control theoretical principles, in this cross-sectional study of 1229 nurses nested in 104 hospital units, we tested the hypothesis that psychological distress (a risk factor for mental illness) would be lower for nurses where coworkers reported higher levels of schedule control at their units. Results showed that increments in coworkers’ reports of schedule control at their units were associated with lower risk of psychological distress, even after accounting for self-reports of schedule control, which were not associated with this outcome. In conclusion, relying only on self-reports might conceal mental health effects of schedule control, so future research ought to include organizational and individual measures and perspectives of schedule control. Using coworkers’ reports is a pertinent strategy to better signal the potential health effect of schedule control, especially when biased self-reporting is suspected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-434
Number of pages19
JournalCommunity, Work and Family
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

mental health
co-worker
risk factor
nurse
effect
job demand
cross-sectional study
mental illness
health
hospital
demand
trend

Keywords

  • coworkers
  • psychological distress
  • schedule control
  • work-teams

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Hurtado, D., Glymour, M. M., Berkman, L. F., Hashimoto, D., Reme, S. E., & Sorensen, G. (2015). Schedule control and mental health: the relevance of coworkers’ reports. Community, Work and Family, 18(4), 416-434. https://doi.org/10.1080/13668803.2015.1080663

Schedule control and mental health : the relevance of coworkers’ reports. / Hurtado, David; Glymour, M. Maria; Berkman, Lisa F.; Hashimoto, Dean; Reme, Silje E.; Sorensen, Glorian.

In: Community, Work and Family, Vol. 18, No. 4, 01.01.2015, p. 416-434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hurtado, D, Glymour, MM, Berkman, LF, Hashimoto, D, Reme, SE & Sorensen, G 2015, 'Schedule control and mental health: the relevance of coworkers’ reports', Community, Work and Family, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 416-434. https://doi.org/10.1080/13668803.2015.1080663
Hurtado, David ; Glymour, M. Maria ; Berkman, Lisa F. ; Hashimoto, Dean ; Reme, Silje E. ; Sorensen, Glorian. / Schedule control and mental health : the relevance of coworkers’ reports. In: Community, Work and Family. 2015 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 416-434.
@article{c62c1597d7c94104a40de875841cf136,
title = "Schedule control and mental health: the relevance of coworkers’ reports",
abstract = "Although some studies suggest that schedule control might promote mental health, research has over-relied on self-reports, which might explain why the evidence is inconclusive and mixed. In this study, we introduce an analytical approach based on coworkers’ reports (in lieu of self-reports) in order to better characterize the organizational nature of schedule control, and to address biases of self-reports (e.g. reverse causation or confounding). Following job demand-control theoretical principles, in this cross-sectional study of 1229 nurses nested in 104 hospital units, we tested the hypothesis that psychological distress (a risk factor for mental illness) would be lower for nurses where coworkers reported higher levels of schedule control at their units. Results showed that increments in coworkers’ reports of schedule control at their units were associated with lower risk of psychological distress, even after accounting for self-reports of schedule control, which were not associated with this outcome. In conclusion, relying only on self-reports might conceal mental health effects of schedule control, so future research ought to include organizational and individual measures and perspectives of schedule control. Using coworkers’ reports is a pertinent strategy to better signal the potential health effect of schedule control, especially when biased self-reporting is suspected.",
keywords = "coworkers, psychological distress, schedule control, work-teams",
author = "David Hurtado and Glymour, {M. Maria} and Berkman, {Lisa F.} and Dean Hashimoto and Reme, {Silje E.} and Glorian Sorensen",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/13668803.2015.1080663",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "416--434",
journal = "Community, Work and Family",
issn = "1366-8803",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Schedule control and mental health

T2 - the relevance of coworkers’ reports

AU - Hurtado, David

AU - Glymour, M. Maria

AU - Berkman, Lisa F.

AU - Hashimoto, Dean

AU - Reme, Silje E.

AU - Sorensen, Glorian

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Although some studies suggest that schedule control might promote mental health, research has over-relied on self-reports, which might explain why the evidence is inconclusive and mixed. In this study, we introduce an analytical approach based on coworkers’ reports (in lieu of self-reports) in order to better characterize the organizational nature of schedule control, and to address biases of self-reports (e.g. reverse causation or confounding). Following job demand-control theoretical principles, in this cross-sectional study of 1229 nurses nested in 104 hospital units, we tested the hypothesis that psychological distress (a risk factor for mental illness) would be lower for nurses where coworkers reported higher levels of schedule control at their units. Results showed that increments in coworkers’ reports of schedule control at their units were associated with lower risk of psychological distress, even after accounting for self-reports of schedule control, which were not associated with this outcome. In conclusion, relying only on self-reports might conceal mental health effects of schedule control, so future research ought to include organizational and individual measures and perspectives of schedule control. Using coworkers’ reports is a pertinent strategy to better signal the potential health effect of schedule control, especially when biased self-reporting is suspected.

AB - Although some studies suggest that schedule control might promote mental health, research has over-relied on self-reports, which might explain why the evidence is inconclusive and mixed. In this study, we introduce an analytical approach based on coworkers’ reports (in lieu of self-reports) in order to better characterize the organizational nature of schedule control, and to address biases of self-reports (e.g. reverse causation or confounding). Following job demand-control theoretical principles, in this cross-sectional study of 1229 nurses nested in 104 hospital units, we tested the hypothesis that psychological distress (a risk factor for mental illness) would be lower for nurses where coworkers reported higher levels of schedule control at their units. Results showed that increments in coworkers’ reports of schedule control at their units were associated with lower risk of psychological distress, even after accounting for self-reports of schedule control, which were not associated with this outcome. In conclusion, relying only on self-reports might conceal mental health effects of schedule control, so future research ought to include organizational and individual measures and perspectives of schedule control. Using coworkers’ reports is a pertinent strategy to better signal the potential health effect of schedule control, especially when biased self-reporting is suspected.

KW - coworkers

KW - psychological distress

KW - schedule control

KW - work-teams

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943424412&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84943424412&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13668803.2015.1080663

DO - 10.1080/13668803.2015.1080663

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84943424412

VL - 18

SP - 416

EP - 434

JO - Community, Work and Family

JF - Community, Work and Family

SN - 1366-8803

IS - 4

ER -