Scanning electron microscopy of isolated peripheral nerve fibres - Normal surface structure and alterations proximal to neuromas

Peter Spencer, A. R. Lieberman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface morphology of normal myelinated nerve fibres prepared in different ways for scanning electron microscopy has been studied and compared with the surface features of similar fibres undergoing retrograde changes. Nodes of Ranvier, paranodal specializations, artefactual fractures of the myelin, and the endoneurial collagen sheaths are described. A regular pattern of elevations, usually with a pitted or depressed surface seen on normal myelinated fibres after certain preparative procedures are thought to be artefacts produced during preparation and to be related to the neurokeratin network. Alterations in the surface structure of fibres central to long-standing nerve transections include irregular protuberances, serial surface corrugations and large swellings, all associated with demyelination. Fibres that have undergone retrograde degeneration consist of endoneurial tubes with focal swellings occupied by macrophages or myelin debris, together with fine unmyelinated and small myelinated regenerating axons. Strict centrifugal progression of myelination of regenerating axons was not observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)534-551
Number of pages18
JournalZeitschrift für Zellforschung und Mikroskopische Anatomie
Volume119
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1971
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Neuroma
Myelin Sheath
Peripheral Nerves
Nerve Fibers
Surface structure
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Axons
Retrograde Degeneration
Ranvier's Nodes
Myelinated Nerve Fibers
Scanning electron microscopy
Fibers
Demyelinating Diseases
Artifacts
Collagen
Macrophages
Swelling
Debris
Surface morphology

Keywords

  • Demyelination
  • Isolated nerve fibres
  • Neurokeratin
  • Nodes of Ranvier
  • Scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The surface morphology of normal myelinated nerve fibres prepared in different ways for scanning electron microscopy has been studied and compared with the surface features of similar fibres undergoing retrograde changes. Nodes of Ranvier, paranodal specializations, artefactual fractures of the myelin, and the endoneurial collagen sheaths are described. A regular pattern of elevations, usually with a pitted or depressed surface seen on normal myelinated fibres after certain preparative procedures are thought to be artefacts produced during preparation and to be related to the neurokeratin network. Alterations in the surface structure of fibres central to long-standing nerve transections include irregular protuberances, serial surface corrugations and large swellings, all associated with demyelination. Fibres that have undergone retrograde degeneration consist of endoneurial tubes with focal swellings occupied by macrophages or myelin debris, together with fine unmyelinated and small myelinated regenerating axons. Strict centrifugal progression of myelination of regenerating axons was not observed.",
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AU - Lieberman, A. R.

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N2 - The surface morphology of normal myelinated nerve fibres prepared in different ways for scanning electron microscopy has been studied and compared with the surface features of similar fibres undergoing retrograde changes. Nodes of Ranvier, paranodal specializations, artefactual fractures of the myelin, and the endoneurial collagen sheaths are described. A regular pattern of elevations, usually with a pitted or depressed surface seen on normal myelinated fibres after certain preparative procedures are thought to be artefacts produced during preparation and to be related to the neurokeratin network. Alterations in the surface structure of fibres central to long-standing nerve transections include irregular protuberances, serial surface corrugations and large swellings, all associated with demyelination. Fibres that have undergone retrograde degeneration consist of endoneurial tubes with focal swellings occupied by macrophages or myelin debris, together with fine unmyelinated and small myelinated regenerating axons. Strict centrifugal progression of myelination of regenerating axons was not observed.

AB - The surface morphology of normal myelinated nerve fibres prepared in different ways for scanning electron microscopy has been studied and compared with the surface features of similar fibres undergoing retrograde changes. Nodes of Ranvier, paranodal specializations, artefactual fractures of the myelin, and the endoneurial collagen sheaths are described. A regular pattern of elevations, usually with a pitted or depressed surface seen on normal myelinated fibres after certain preparative procedures are thought to be artefacts produced during preparation and to be related to the neurokeratin network. Alterations in the surface structure of fibres central to long-standing nerve transections include irregular protuberances, serial surface corrugations and large swellings, all associated with demyelination. Fibres that have undergone retrograde degeneration consist of endoneurial tubes with focal swellings occupied by macrophages or myelin debris, together with fine unmyelinated and small myelinated regenerating axons. Strict centrifugal progression of myelination of regenerating axons was not observed.

KW - Demyelination

KW - Isolated nerve fibres

KW - Neurokeratin

KW - Nodes of Ranvier

KW - Scanning electron microscopy

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