Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Induces NAIP/NLRC4- And NLRP3/ASC-Independent, Caspase-4-Dependent Inflammasome Activation in Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells

Nawar Naseer, Jenna Zhang, Renate Bauer, David A. Constant, Timothy J. Nice, Igor E. Brodsky, Isabella Rauch, Sunny Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a Gram-negative pathogen that causes diseases ranging from gastroenteritis to systemic infection and sepsis. Salmonella uses type III secretion systems (T3SS) to inject effectors into host cells. While these effectors are necessary for bacterial invasion and intracellular survival, intracellular delivery of T3SS products also enables detection of translocated Salmonella ligands by cytosolic immune sensors. Some of these sensors form multimeric complexes called inflammasomes, which activate caspases that lead to interleukin-1 (IL-1) family cytokine release and pyroptosis. In particular, the Salmonella T3SS needle, inner rod, and flagellin proteins activate the NAIP/NLRC4 inflammasome in murine intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), which leads to restriction of bacterial replication and extrusion of infected IECs into the intestinal lumen, thereby preventing systemic dissemination of Salmonella. While these processes are quite well studied in mice, the role of the NAIP/NLRC4 inflammasome in human IECs remains unknown. Unexpectedly, we found the NAIP/NLRC4 inflammasome is dispensable for early inflammasome responses to Salmonella in both human IEC lines and enteroids. Additionally, NLRP3 and the adaptor protein ASC are not required for inflammasome activation in Caco-2 cells. Instead, we observed a necessity for caspase-4 and gasdermin D pore-forming activity in mediating inflammasome responses to Salmonella in Caco-2 cells. These findings suggest that unlike murine IECs, human IECs do not rely on NAIP/NLRC4 or NLRP3/ASC inflammasomes and instead primarily use caspase-4 to mediate inflammasome responses to Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1)expressing Salmonella.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume90
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • ASC
  • CASP4
  • NAIP
  • NLRC4
  • NLRP3
  • Salmonella
  • human innate immunity
  • inflammasome
  • intestinal epithelial cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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