Safety performance: The mediating role of safety control

Lori Anderson Snyder, Autumn D. Krauss, Peter Y. Chen, Scott Finlinson, Yueng-hsiang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Occupational stress models suggest that the ability to understand, predict, and control stressful events minimizes their impact. This study examines the applicability of the stress antidote theory to the safety environment. Newly developed measures assess understanding why and how unsafe events occur, predicting the occurrence of unsafe events, and controlling unsafe events, and how these constructs relate to safety performance at work. In addition, the role of supervisor safety support is explored. Participants: 424 employees in the Facilities department at a large university. Methods: Measures were developed based on existing literature and focus groups, and participants completed a survey about their safety experiences at work. Results: Analyses conducted using structural equation modeling indicate that safety understanding, safety prediction, and safety control are related but distinct variables. Safety understanding affects safety performance through safety control, while supervisor support for safety affects safety performance both directly and indirectly through control. Conclusion: Lack of understanding of safety or inability to predict dangerous outcomes may be necessary but not sufficient to explain unsafe workplace behaviors. Employees' safety behaviors may be more directly influenced by the extent to which they have the power to control safety in their work environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-111
Number of pages13
JournalWork
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 30 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Safety
Antidotes
Focus Groups
Workplace

Keywords

  • decision latitude
  • Workplace injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Snyder, L. A., Krauss, A. D., Chen, P. Y., Finlinson, S., & Huang, Y. (2011). Safety performance: The mediating role of safety control. Work, 40(1), 99-111. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2011-1210

Safety performance : The mediating role of safety control. / Snyder, Lori Anderson; Krauss, Autumn D.; Chen, Peter Y.; Finlinson, Scott; Huang, Yueng-hsiang.

In: Work, Vol. 40, No. 1, 30.08.2011, p. 99-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Snyder, LA, Krauss, AD, Chen, PY, Finlinson, S & Huang, Y 2011, 'Safety performance: The mediating role of safety control', Work, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 99-111. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2011-1210
Snyder LA, Krauss AD, Chen PY, Finlinson S, Huang Y. Safety performance: The mediating role of safety control. Work. 2011 Aug 30;40(1):99-111. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2011-1210
Snyder, Lori Anderson ; Krauss, Autumn D. ; Chen, Peter Y. ; Finlinson, Scott ; Huang, Yueng-hsiang. / Safety performance : The mediating role of safety control. In: Work. 2011 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 99-111.
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