Safety of recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid-derived growth hormone: The National Cooperative Growth Study experience

Sandra L. Blethen, David B. Allen, David Graves, Gilbert August, Thomas Moshang, Ron Rosenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

170 Scopus citations

Abstract

The National Cooperative Growth Study has monitored the safety of recombinant human GH (rhGH) since 1985. Data have been collected from more than 19,000 children representing over 47,000 patient-years of rhGH treatment. Children receiving GH for renal disease were more likely to develop problems such as intracranial hypertension than those with GH deficiency (P < 0.01). Children with idiopathic short stature were less likely to develop slipped capital femoral epiphysis than those with GH deficiency or Turner's syndrome (P < 0.01). There was no evidence of an increased recurrence of leukemia or central nervous system tumors. There were 3 new cases of leukemia in children without known risk factors for developing leukemia and 5 cases in children with known risk factors. Growth deceleration associated with high affinity, high capacity antibodies to GH was found in only 2 of 5039 subjects tested (0.04%). Major adverse events in association with rhGH treatment have been rare, and preexisting medical conditions such as renal insufficiency may affect their frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1704-1710
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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