Rudimentary TCR signaling triggers default IL-10 secretion by human TH1 cells

G. G. Burrows, Y. K. Chou, C. Wang, J. W. Chang, T. P. Finn, N. E. Culbertson, J. Kim, D. N. Bourdette, D. A. Lewinsohn, D. M. Lewinsohn, M. Ikeda, T. Yoshioka, C. N. Allen, H. Offner, A. A. Vandenbark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding the process of inducing T cell activation has been hampered by the complex interactions between APC and inflammatory Th1 cells. To dissociate Ag-specific signaling through the TCR from costimulatory signaling, rTCR ligands (RTL) containing the αl and β1 domains of HLA-DR2b (DRA*0101:DRB1*1501) covalently linked with either the myelin basic protein peptide 85-99 (RTL303) or CABL-b3a2 (RTL311) peptides were constructed to provide a minimal ligand for peptide-specific TCRs. When incubated with peptide-specific Th1 cell clones in the absence of APC or costimulatory molecules, only the cognate RTL induced partial activation through the TCR. This partial activation included rapid TCR ζ-chain phosphorylation, calcium mobilization, and reduced extracellular signal-related kinase activity, as well as IL-10 production, but not proliferation or other obvious phenotypic changes. On restimulation with APC/peptide, the RTL-pretreated Th1 clones had reduced proliferation and secreted less IFN-γ; IL-10 production persisted. These findings reveal for the first time the rudimentary signaling pattern delivered by initial engagement of the external TCR interface, which is further supplemented by coactivation molecules. Activation with RTLs provides a novel strategy for generating autoantigen-specific bystander suppression useful for treatment of complex auto-immune diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4386-4395
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume167
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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