Androgens within physiological ranges protect castrated male mice from cerebral ischemic injury. Yet, underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we report that, after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), salt-induced kinase 1 (SIK1) was induced by a potent androgendihydrotestosterone (DHT) at protective doses. To investigate whether SIK1 contributes to DHT neuroprotection after cerebral ischemia, we constructed lentivirus-expressing small interference RNA (siRNA) against SIK1. The SIK1 knockdown by siRNA exacerbated oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced cell death in primary cortical neurons, suggesting that SIK1 is an endogenous neuroprotective gene against cerebral ischemia. Furthermore, lentivirus-mediated SIK1 knockdown increased both cortical and striatal infarct sizes in castrated mice treated with a protective dose of DHT. Earlier studies show that SIK1 inhibits histone deacetylase (HDAC) activities by acting as a class IIa HDAC kinase. We observed that SIK1 knockdown decreased histone H3 acetylation in primary neurons. The SIK1 siRNA also exacerbated OGD-induced neuronal death in the presence of trichostatin A (TSA), an HDAC inhibitor, and decreased histone H3 acetylation at 4 hours reoxygenation in TSA-treated neurons. Finally, we showed that DHT at protective doses prevented ischemia-induced histone deacetylation after MCAO. Our finding suggests that SIK1 contributes to neuroprotection by androgens within physiological ranges by inhibiting histone deacetylation.
- cerebral ischemia
- salt-induced kinase 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine