Exoenzyme S is an extracellular ADP-ribosyltransferase enzyme produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa deficient in this enzyme have been shown to have reduced virulence in infections of burned mice. The contribution of exoenzyme S to the pathogenesis of chronic lung infections with this organism was evaluated by examining the incidence of exoenzyme S production by Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from cystic fibrosis patients and comparing an exoenzyme S deficient mutant and its exoenzyme S producing parent in a rat chronic lung infection model. Of 51 isolates examined, 43 % produced detectable levels of exoenzyme S. While both the exoenzyme S deficient mutant and its parent strain were equally capable of colonizing and persisting in rat lungs, the exoenzyme S producing parent elicited a greater degree of lung damage. These data suggest that exoenzyme S contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic lung infections.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)