RNA silencing of genes involved in Alzheimer's disease enhances mitochondrial function and synaptic activity

Maria Manczak, P. Hemachandra Reddy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    An age-dependent increase in mRNA levels of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), the microtubule-associated protein Tau, and voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1) genes are reported to be toxic to neurons affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the underlying toxic nature of these genes is not completely understood. The purpose of our study was to determine the effects of RNA silencing of APP, Tau, and VDAC1 genes in AD pathogenesis. Using human neuroblastoma (SHSY5Y) cells, we first silenced RNA for APP, Tau, and VDAC1 genes, and then performed real-time RT-PCR analysis to measure mRNA levels of 34 genes that are involved in AD pathogenesis. Using biochemical assays, we also assessed mitochondrial function by measuring levels of H2O2 production, lipid peroxidation, cytochrome c oxidase activity, ATP production, and GTPase enzymatic activity. We found that increased mRNA expression of synaptic function and mitochondrial fission genes, and reduced levels of mitochondrial fusion genes in RNA silenced the SHSY5Y cells for APP, Tau and VDAC1 genes relative to the control SHSY5Y cells. In addition, RNA-silenced APP, Tau, and VDAC1 genes in SHSY5Y cells showed reduced levels of H2O2 production, lipid peroxidation, fission-linked GTPase activity, and increased cytochrome oxidase activity and ATP production. These findings suggest that a reduction of human APP, Tau, and VDAC1 may enhance synaptic activity, may improve mitochondrial maintenance and function, and may protect against toxicities of AD-related genes. Thus, these findings also suggest that the reduction of APP, Tau, and VDAC1 mRNA expressions may have therapeutic value for patients with AD.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)2368-2378
    Number of pages11
    JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
    Volume1832
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Dec 2013

    Keywords

    • Amyloid precursor protein
    • Human neuroblastoma cell
    • Immunoblotting analysis
    • RNA silencing
    • Tau
    • Voltage-dependent anion channel

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Molecular Medicine
    • Molecular Biology

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