River blindness: An old disease on the brink of elimination and control

Kevin L. Winthrop, Joao M. Furtado, Juan C. Silva, Serge Resnikoff, Van C. Lansingh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

For decades, onchocerciasis (or river blindness) was one of the most common infectious causes of blindness in the world. Primarily an infection of Africa, with limited distribution in the new world, disease due to the nematode Onchocerca volvulus is rapidly diminishing as a result of large public health campaigns targeting at risk populations in Africa and the Americas. Existing and newly-developed treatment strategies offer the chance to eliminate onchocercal ocular morbidity in some parts of the world. This article reviews these treatment strategies, current clinical and epidemiologic aspects of onchocerciasis, and the next steps toward elimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-155
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Global Infectious Diseases
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • Doxycycline
  • Ivermectin
  • Onchocerca volvulus
  • Onchocerciasis
  • River blindness
  • Wolbachia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

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