Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center

T. C. Porco, T. J. Aragón, S. E. Fernyak, S. H. Cody, D. J. Vugia, M. H. Katz, D. R. Bangsberg

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Abstract

Objectives. This study determined infection risk for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center that possibly exposed 3810 patients to infection. Methods. We used a model for the risk of infection per blood draw, supplemented by subsequent testing results from 1699 patients. Results. The highest risk of transmission was for HBV infection: 1.1 × 10-6 in the best case and 1.2 × 10-3 in the (unlikely) worst case. Subsequent testing yielded prevalence rates of 0.12%, 0.41%, and 0.88% for HIV, HBV, and HCV, respectively, lower than National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III prevalence estimates. Conclusions. The infection risk was very low; few, if any, transmissions are likely to have occurred.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-638
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Porco, T. C., Aragón, T. J., Fernyak, S. E., Cody, S. H., Vugia, D. J., Katz, M. H., & Bangsberg, D. R. (2001). Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center. American journal of public health, 91(4), 636-638. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.91.4.636