Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center

T. C. Porco, T. J. Aragón, S. E. Fernyak, S. H. Cody, D. J. Vugia, M. H. Katz, David Bangsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. This study determined infection risk for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center that possibly exposed 3810 patients to infection. Methods. We used a model for the risk of infection per blood draw, supplemented by subsequent testing results from 1699 patients. Results. The highest risk of transmission was for HBV infection: 1.1 × 10-6 in the best case and 1.2 × 10-3 in the (unlikely) worst case. Subsequent testing yielded prevalence rates of 0.12%, 0.41%, and 0.88% for HIV, HBV, and HCV, respectively, lower than National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III prevalence estimates. Conclusions. The infection risk was very low; few, if any, transmissions are likely to have occurred.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-638
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume91
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phlebotomy
Needles
Hepatitis B virus
Infection
Hepacivirus
Nutrition Surveys
Virus Diseases
HIV Infections
HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Porco, T. C., Aragón, T. J., Fernyak, S. E., Cody, S. H., Vugia, D. J., Katz, M. H., & Bangsberg, D. (2001). Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center. American Journal of Public Health, 91(4), 636-638.

Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center. / Porco, T. C.; Aragón, T. J.; Fernyak, S. E.; Cody, S. H.; Vugia, D. J.; Katz, M. H.; Bangsberg, David.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 91, No. 4, 2001, p. 636-638.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Porco, TC, Aragón, TJ, Fernyak, SE, Cody, SH, Vugia, DJ, Katz, MH & Bangsberg, D 2001, 'Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center', American Journal of Public Health, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 636-638.
Porco TC, Aragón TJ, Fernyak SE, Cody SH, Vugia DJ, Katz MH et al. Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center. American Journal of Public Health. 2001;91(4):636-638.
Porco, T. C. ; Aragón, T. J. ; Fernyak, S. E. ; Cody, S. H. ; Vugia, D. J. ; Katz, M. H. ; Bangsberg, David. / Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2001 ; Vol. 91, No. 4. pp. 636-638.
@article{de7560cabefc40ee9b13fa1a73d7c899,
title = "Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center",
abstract = "Objectives. This study determined infection risk for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center that possibly exposed 3810 patients to infection. Methods. We used a model for the risk of infection per blood draw, supplemented by subsequent testing results from 1699 patients. Results. The highest risk of transmission was for HBV infection: 1.1 × 10-6 in the best case and 1.2 × 10-3 in the (unlikely) worst case. Subsequent testing yielded prevalence rates of 0.12{\%}, 0.41{\%}, and 0.88{\%} for HIV, HBV, and HCV, respectively, lower than National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III prevalence estimates. Conclusions. The infection risk was very low; few, if any, transmissions are likely to have occurred.",
author = "Porco, {T. C.} and Arag{\'o}n, {T. J.} and Fernyak, {S. E.} and Cody, {S. H.} and Vugia, {D. J.} and Katz, {M. H.} and David Bangsberg",
year = "2001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "91",
pages = "636--638",
journal = "American Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0090-0036",
publisher = "American Public Health Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of infection from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center

AU - Porco, T. C.

AU - Aragón, T. J.

AU - Fernyak, S. E.

AU - Cody, S. H.

AU - Vugia, D. J.

AU - Katz, M. H.

AU - Bangsberg, David

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Objectives. This study determined infection risk for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center that possibly exposed 3810 patients to infection. Methods. We used a model for the risk of infection per blood draw, supplemented by subsequent testing results from 1699 patients. Results. The highest risk of transmission was for HBV infection: 1.1 × 10-6 in the best case and 1.2 × 10-3 in the (unlikely) worst case. Subsequent testing yielded prevalence rates of 0.12%, 0.41%, and 0.88% for HIV, HBV, and HCV, respectively, lower than National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III prevalence estimates. Conclusions. The infection risk was very low; few, if any, transmissions are likely to have occurred.

AB - Objectives. This study determined infection risk for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) from needle reuse at a phlebotomy center that possibly exposed 3810 patients to infection. Methods. We used a model for the risk of infection per blood draw, supplemented by subsequent testing results from 1699 patients. Results. The highest risk of transmission was for HBV infection: 1.1 × 10-6 in the best case and 1.2 × 10-3 in the (unlikely) worst case. Subsequent testing yielded prevalence rates of 0.12%, 0.41%, and 0.88% for HIV, HBV, and HCV, respectively, lower than National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III prevalence estimates. Conclusions. The infection risk was very low; few, if any, transmissions are likely to have occurred.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035082193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035082193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 91

SP - 636

EP - 638

JO - American Journal of Public Health

JF - American Journal of Public Health

SN - 0090-0036

IS - 4

ER -