Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multiracial cohort: The HEALTHY study

Francine R. Kaufman, Kathryn Hirst, Barbara Linder, Tom Baranowski, Dan M. Cooper, Gary D. Foster, Linn Goldberg, Joanne S. Harrell, Marsha D. Marcus, Roberto P. Treviño

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE - HEALTHY is a 3-year middle school intervention program designed to reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes risk factors at baseline in a cohort of 6,358 sixth-grade students is reported. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Forty-two schools at seven U.S. sites were randomly assigned to intervention or control. Students participated in baseline data collection during fall of 2006. RESULTS - Overall, 49.3% of children had BMI ≥85th percentile, 16.0% had fasting blood glucose ≥100 mg/dl (<1% had fasting blood glucose ≥126 mg/dl), and 6.8% had fasting insulin ≥30 μU/ml. Hispanic youth were more likely to have BMI, glucose, and insulin levels above these thresholds than blacks and whites. CONCLUSIONS - Sixth-grade students in schools with large minority populations have high levels of risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The HEALTHY intervention was designed to modify these risk factors to reduce diabetes incidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)953-955
Number of pages3
JournalDiabetes care
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Kaufman, F. R., Hirst, K., Linder, B., Baranowski, T., Cooper, D. M., Foster, G. D., Goldberg, L., Harrell, J. S., Marcus, M. D., & Treviño, R. P. (2009). Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multiracial cohort: The HEALTHY study. Diabetes care, 32(5), 953-955. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1774