Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multiracial cohort: The HEALTHY study

Francine R. Kaufman, Kathryn Hirst, Barbara Linder, Tom Baranowski, Dan M. Cooper, Gary D. Foster, Linn Goldberg, Joanne S. Harrell, Marsha D. Marcus, Roberto P. Treviño

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34 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - HEALTHY is a 3-year middle school intervention program designed to reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes risk factors at baseline in a cohort of 6,358 sixth-grade students is reported. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Forty-two schools at seven U.S. sites were randomly assigned to intervention or control. Students participated in baseline data collection during fall of 2006. RESULTS - Overall, 49.3% of children had BMI ≥85th percentile, 16.0% had fasting blood glucose ≥100 mg/dl (<1% had fasting blood glucose ≥126 mg/dl), and 6.8% had fasting insulin ≥30 μU/ml. Hispanic youth were more likely to have BMI, glucose, and insulin levels above these thresholds than blacks and whites. CONCLUSIONS - Sixth-grade students in schools with large minority populations have high levels of risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The HEALTHY intervention was designed to modify these risk factors to reduce diabetes incidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)953-955
Number of pages3
JournalDiabetes care
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Kaufman, F. R., Hirst, K., Linder, B., Baranowski, T., Cooper, D. M., Foster, G. D., Goldberg, L., Harrell, J. S., Marcus, M. D., & Treviño, R. P. (2009). Risk factors for type 2 diabetes in a sixth-grade multiracial cohort: The HEALTHY study. Diabetes care, 32(5), 953-955. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1774