Risk Factors Associated with Cortical Thickness and White Matter Hyperintensities in Dementia Free Okinawan Elderly

Lisa Silbert, David Lahna, Nutta On Promjunyakul, Erin Boespflug, Yusuke Ohya, Yasushi Higashiuesato, Junko Nishihira, Yuriko Katsumata, Takashi Tokashiki, Hiroko Dodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cortical gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) deterioration are signals of neurodegeneration and increased dementia risk; however, their specific etiologies in dementia-free aging is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine potentially modifiable risk factors of GM and WM degeneration in a well-characterized cohort of dementia-free elderly. METHODS: 96 Okinawan elderly participants (age 83.6) from the Keys to Optimal Cognitive Aging Project (KOCOA) underwent MRI and cognitive evaluation. Serum markers of inflammation (interleukin-6 (IL-6), high sensitivity C-reactive protein), cerebrovascular disease (systolic blood pressure (SBP) 140+, hemoglobin A1C (HgbA1C), total cholesterol), and essential minerals (copper (Cu), magnesium, and calcium) were examined in relation to mean cortical thickness (MCT) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH), adjusting for age and gender. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analyses identified relationships between regional GM density and the above markers. RESULTS: Decreased MCT was associated with SBP 140 + (p = 0.029) and increased serum IL-6 (p = 0.036), HgbA1C (p = 0.002), and Cu (p = 0.025). In VBM analyses, increased IL-6, HgbA1C, and Cu were associated with decreased GM density in temporal lobe regions. HgbA1C (p = 0.004) was associated with greater WMH volume. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral markers of Cu, CVD risk, and inflammation are associated with MRI-markers of decreased brain health in dementia-free Okinawan elderly, with regional cortical thinning in areas involved in early accumulation of Alzheimer's disease pathology. Results identify potentially modifiable biomarkers as targets in the prevention of dementia in older individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-372
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Dementia
Hemoglobins
Blood Pressure
Interleukin-6
Temporal Lobe
Biomarkers
Inflammation
Cerebrovascular Disorders
C-Reactive Protein
Magnesium
Minerals
Copper
Alzheimer Disease
Cholesterol
White Matter
Pathology
Calcium
Gray Matter
Health
Brain

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • atrophy
  • brain
  • cerebrovascular disorders
  • cognitive aging
  • copper
  • inflammation
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • micronutrients
  • vascular disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Risk Factors Associated with Cortical Thickness and White Matter Hyperintensities in Dementia Free Okinawan Elderly. / Silbert, Lisa; Lahna, David; Promjunyakul, Nutta On; Boespflug, Erin; Ohya, Yusuke; Higashiuesato, Yasushi; Nishihira, Junko; Katsumata, Yuriko; Tokashiki, Takashi; Dodge, Hiroko.

In: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, Vol. 63, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 365-372.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silbert, Lisa ; Lahna, David ; Promjunyakul, Nutta On ; Boespflug, Erin ; Ohya, Yusuke ; Higashiuesato, Yasushi ; Nishihira, Junko ; Katsumata, Yuriko ; Tokashiki, Takashi ; Dodge, Hiroko. / Risk Factors Associated with Cortical Thickness and White Matter Hyperintensities in Dementia Free Okinawan Elderly. In: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. 2018 ; Vol. 63, No. 1. pp. 365-372.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Cortical gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) deterioration are signals of neurodegeneration and increased dementia risk; however, their specific etiologies in dementia-free aging is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine potentially modifiable risk factors of GM and WM degeneration in a well-characterized cohort of dementia-free elderly. METHODS: 96 Okinawan elderly participants (age 83.6) from the Keys to Optimal Cognitive Aging Project (KOCOA) underwent MRI and cognitive evaluation. Serum markers of inflammation (interleukin-6 (IL-6), high sensitivity C-reactive protein), cerebrovascular disease (systolic blood pressure (SBP) 140+, hemoglobin A1C (HgbA1C), total cholesterol), and essential minerals (copper (Cu), magnesium, and calcium) were examined in relation to mean cortical thickness (MCT) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH), adjusting for age and gender. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analyses identified relationships between regional GM density and the above markers. RESULTS: Decreased MCT was associated with SBP 140 + (p = 0.029) and increased serum IL-6 (p = 0.036), HgbA1C (p = 0.002), and Cu (p = 0.025). In VBM analyses, increased IL-6, HgbA1C, and Cu were associated with decreased GM density in temporal lobe regions. HgbA1C (p = 0.004) was associated with greater WMH volume. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral markers of Cu, CVD risk, and inflammation are associated with MRI-markers of decreased brain health in dementia-free Okinawan elderly, with regional cortical thinning in areas involved in early accumulation of Alzheimer's disease pathology. Results identify potentially modifiable biomarkers as targets in the prevention of dementia in older individuals.",
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author = "Lisa Silbert and David Lahna and Promjunyakul, {Nutta On} and Erin Boespflug and Yusuke Ohya and Yasushi Higashiuesato and Junko Nishihira and Yuriko Katsumata and Takashi Tokashiki and Hiroko Dodge",
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AU - Silbert, Lisa

AU - Lahna, David

AU - Promjunyakul, Nutta On

AU - Boespflug, Erin

AU - Ohya, Yusuke

AU - Higashiuesato, Yasushi

AU - Nishihira, Junko

AU - Katsumata, Yuriko

AU - Tokashiki, Takashi

AU - Dodge, Hiroko

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Cortical gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) deterioration are signals of neurodegeneration and increased dementia risk; however, their specific etiologies in dementia-free aging is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine potentially modifiable risk factors of GM and WM degeneration in a well-characterized cohort of dementia-free elderly. METHODS: 96 Okinawan elderly participants (age 83.6) from the Keys to Optimal Cognitive Aging Project (KOCOA) underwent MRI and cognitive evaluation. Serum markers of inflammation (interleukin-6 (IL-6), high sensitivity C-reactive protein), cerebrovascular disease (systolic blood pressure (SBP) 140+, hemoglobin A1C (HgbA1C), total cholesterol), and essential minerals (copper (Cu), magnesium, and calcium) were examined in relation to mean cortical thickness (MCT) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH), adjusting for age and gender. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analyses identified relationships between regional GM density and the above markers. RESULTS: Decreased MCT was associated with SBP 140 + (p = 0.029) and increased serum IL-6 (p = 0.036), HgbA1C (p = 0.002), and Cu (p = 0.025). In VBM analyses, increased IL-6, HgbA1C, and Cu were associated with decreased GM density in temporal lobe regions. HgbA1C (p = 0.004) was associated with greater WMH volume. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral markers of Cu, CVD risk, and inflammation are associated with MRI-markers of decreased brain health in dementia-free Okinawan elderly, with regional cortical thinning in areas involved in early accumulation of Alzheimer's disease pathology. Results identify potentially modifiable biomarkers as targets in the prevention of dementia in older individuals.

AB - BACKGROUND: Cortical gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) deterioration are signals of neurodegeneration and increased dementia risk; however, their specific etiologies in dementia-free aging is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine potentially modifiable risk factors of GM and WM degeneration in a well-characterized cohort of dementia-free elderly. METHODS: 96 Okinawan elderly participants (age 83.6) from the Keys to Optimal Cognitive Aging Project (KOCOA) underwent MRI and cognitive evaluation. Serum markers of inflammation (interleukin-6 (IL-6), high sensitivity C-reactive protein), cerebrovascular disease (systolic blood pressure (SBP) 140+, hemoglobin A1C (HgbA1C), total cholesterol), and essential minerals (copper (Cu), magnesium, and calcium) were examined in relation to mean cortical thickness (MCT) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH), adjusting for age and gender. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analyses identified relationships between regional GM density and the above markers. RESULTS: Decreased MCT was associated with SBP 140 + (p = 0.029) and increased serum IL-6 (p = 0.036), HgbA1C (p = 0.002), and Cu (p = 0.025). In VBM analyses, increased IL-6, HgbA1C, and Cu were associated with decreased GM density in temporal lobe regions. HgbA1C (p = 0.004) was associated with greater WMH volume. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral markers of Cu, CVD risk, and inflammation are associated with MRI-markers of decreased brain health in dementia-free Okinawan elderly, with regional cortical thinning in areas involved in early accumulation of Alzheimer's disease pathology. Results identify potentially modifiable biomarkers as targets in the prevention of dementia in older individuals.

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