RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, 2-mercaptopropionic acid, CAS Registry Number 79-42-5

A. M. Api, D. Belsito, S. Biserta, D. Botelho, M. Bruze, G. A. Burton, J. Buschmann, M. A. Cancellieri, M. L. Dagli, M. Date, W. Dekant, C. Deodhar, A. D. Fryer, S. Gadhia, L. Jones, K. Joshi, M. Kumar, A. Lapczynski, M. Lavelle, I. LeeD. C. Liebler, H. Moustakas, M. Na, T. M. Penning, G. Ritacco, J. Romine, N. Sadekar, T. W. Schultz, D. Selechnik, F. Siddiqi, I. G. Sipes, G. Sullivan, Y. Thakkar, Y. Tokura

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

The existing information supports the use of this material as described in this safety assessment. 2-Mercaptopropionic acid was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity/photoallergenicity, skin sensitization, and environmental safety. Data show that 2-mercaptopropionic acid is not genotoxic. The repeated dose, reproductive, and local respiratory toxicity endpoints were evaluated using the Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) for a Cramer Class I material, and the exposure to 2-mercaptopropionic acid is below the TTC (0.03 mg/kg/day, 0.03 mg/kg/day, and 1.4 mg/day, respectively). The skin sensitization endpoint was completed using the Dermal Sensitization Threshold (DST) for reactive materials (64 μg/cm2); exposure is below the DST. The phototoxicity/photoallergenicity endpoints were evaluated based on ultraviolet (UV) spectra; 2-mercaptopropionic acid is not expected to be phototoxic/photoallergenic. For the hazard assessment based on the screening data, 2-mercaptopropionic acid is not persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic (PBT) as per the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) Environmental Standards. For the risk assessment, 2-mercaptopropionic acid was not able to be risk screened as there were no reported volumes of use for either North America or Europe in the 2015 IFRA Survey.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111987
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume149
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology
  • Medicine(all)

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