Laura Spivak, Robert G. Hendrickson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Although ricin's history as a biologic weapon consists only of discrete episodes of poisoning, its widespread availability and ease of manufacture make it a viable terrorist threat. Clinicians must maintain a low threshold of suspicion for patients presenting with non-specific systemic illnesses, and be especially vigilant regarding large numbers of patients exhibiting gastrointestinal or pulmonary symptoms. The authors have outlined a plan of supportive care and diagnostic testing, that, along with a comprehensive differential diagnosis, should aid physicians in diagnosing and treating terrorist incidents involving ricin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-824
Number of pages10
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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