Purpose: To describe the clinical characteristics and surgical management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) in patients with acute syphilitic panuveitis. Methods: Retrospective case series and comprehensive literature review. Results: Including present and previously reported cases, we identified 11 eyes in 8 patients with acute syphilitic panuveitis that developed a rhegmatogenous RD. Seven of 11 eyes (63.6%) were repaired with a combined scleral buckling, vitrectomy, and endolaser photocoagulation surgery; 1 eye (9.1%) was repaired with scleral buckling only; and 2 eyes (18.2%) with vitrectomy only. Cryotherapy was used to treat a giant retinal tear in 1 eye (9.1%). Four eyes (36.4%) redetached and 3 underwent a second vitrectomy surgery. Conclusions: Although uncommon, rhegmatogenous RD can occur in patients with moderate to severe acute syphilitic panuveitis. We believe scleral buckling, vitrectomy, endolaser photocoagulation, and silicone oil tamponade give the best chance for successful retinal reattachment.
- Giant retinal tear
- proliferative vitreoretinopathy
- retina detachment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy