Revisiting recombinant 8 syndrome

Laura Pickler, Rebecca Wilson, Anne C.H. Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recombinant 8 syndrome, also known as San Luis Valley syndrome, is a rare but important cause for developmental delay and chronic illness noted among individuals of Hispanic ancestry that occurs with greater reported frequency in the Southwest United States. The recombinant chromosome is rec(8)dup(8q)inv(8)(p23.1q22.1) and in all known cases is derived by a parental pericentric inversion, inv(8)(p23.1q22.1). To test our hypothesis that modern medical management strategies may alter the outcome of patients with recombinant 8 syndrome in regard to mortality, morbidity, and neurodevelopmental outcomes, we sought to update the natural history of recombinant 8 syndrome by completing a thorough medical and psychological assessment of affected individuals. Twelve affected individuals, ranging from 2 to 21 years of age, were recruited with IRB approval. Our patients scored on in the mild to severe cognitive functioning level (range 30-70), with surprising preservation in the social/adaptive arenas. Most patients responded well to heart surgery and developmental outcomes were in proportion to cardiac status. Orthopedic surgery to ameliorate effects of spasticity can be complicated by long recovery times and decreased ability to ambulate. Our findings do not support additional morbidly during cardiac repair. Taken together, our findings support a consistent phenotype with improved survival in comparison to previously published studies. Efforts to encourage learning and developmental progress should not be withheld as quality of life for many of these individuals is considered good by their families and medical providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1923-1929
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume155
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Chromosome 8
  • Chromosome abnormality
  • Clinical
  • Development
  • Intellectual disability
  • Pericentric inversion
  • Recombinant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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