Resveratrol increases tear production and ocular pain after corneal abrasion in male, but not female, rats using a photorefractive keratectomy model

Deborah M. Hegarty, James R. Carroll, Dennis Nguyen, Victoria S. Halls, Dennis I. Robbins, Theodore J. Price, Gregory Dussor, Sue A. Aicher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) is an alternative to LASIK and can cause intense acute pain that is often not relieved by standard treatments. To assess potential therapeutics for this type of acute pain, appropriate preclinical models are needed. We describe a preclinical corneal abrasion rat model that simulates the initial stages of PRK surgery and demonstrates similar pain and tear dysfunction as seen clinically. We used both behavioral and homeostatic assays to determine the therapeutic potential of resveratrol on pain and tear production. Studies were conducted in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Heptanol was applied to one eye and the superficial corneal epithelium was removed, mimicking the abrasion used in PRK. Spontaneous pain was assessed with orbital tightening (OT) scores for 7 days. Topical resveratrol increased OT scores sex-specifically in abraded males, but not females, at 72 h and 1 week after abrasion. Resveratrol increased tear production in abraded males, with no effect in abraded females. There was no correlation between OT score at 1 week and tear production measurements, demonstrating no relationship between spontaneous ocular pain and tear dysfunction in this model. These findings demonstrate the usefulness of our corneal abrasion preclinical PRK model for the assessment of ocular pain therapeutics and indicate that topical resveratrol may not be useful for managing PRK-induced pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109281
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume225
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Cornea
  • Orbital tightening
  • Sex differences
  • Tears

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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