Of 214 patients with acromegaly who underwent transsphenoidal microsurgical resection of a pituitary adenoma, 54% had growth hormone (GH) levels below 5 ng/ml and 74% had levels less than 10 ng/ml immediately after surgery. Among the 174 patients who could be contacted for long-term follow-up review (average duration 76 months), most recent GH determinations were available for 165. Of these 165 patients, 131 (79.4%) have a GH level less than 5 ng/ml and 153 (92.7%) have a level below 10 ng/ml; these represent 75.3% and 87.9%, respectively, of the total 174 patients reviewed. Fifty-two patients received postoperative radiation therapy. Nine patients underwent reoperation. There were five cases of tumor recurrence following an apparent surgical cure (4.3%), nine new instances of anterior pituitary hypofunction (5%), and five failures of multimodality therapy (2.3%). There were no perioperative deaths, five cases of cerebrospinal fluid leak requiring surgical repair (2.2%), and four cases of postoperative meningitis (1.8%). Permanent diabetes insipidus did not occur. Two of 52 patients who were irradiated postoperatively had severe complications; 23 (54.8%) of 42 patients who were available for follow-up evaluation had developed panhypopituitarism; and eight (19%) of 42 had normal pituitary function an average of 44 months postirradiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology