The impact of stress on cutaneous wound healing was assessed in a murine model. Female, hairless SKH-1 mice, 6-8 weeks of age were subjected to restraint stress (RST) 3 days before and for 5 days following dorsal application of a 3.5-mm sterile punch wound. Control mice were wounded, but not restrained. Using photography and image analysis, the rate of wound healing was compared between the two groups. Wounds on control mice healed on average 3.10 days sooner than RST-treated mice. In addition, cross-sectional, morphometric analysis of the dermal and epidermal layers revealed reduced inflammation surrounding wounds from RST mice at 1, 3, and 5 days after wounding. In the RST group, serum corticosterone levels averaged 162.5 ng/ml compared to 35.7 ng/ml in the controls. Treatment of RST-stressed animals with the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist RU40555 resulted in healing rates comparable to those of control animals. Thus, the reduction in inflammation and delayed healing correlated with serum corticosterone levels and suggest that disruption of neuroendocrine homeostasis modulates wound healing.
- Wound healing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Behavioral Neuroscience