Response to sodium lactate infusion in alcoholics with panic attacks

D. S. Cowley, C. F. Jensen, D. Johannessen, L. Parker, S. R. Dager, R. D. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The authors studied the response to sodium lactate infusion of 12 alcoholics with a history of panic attacks, 10 alcholics without a history of panic attacks, and 16 nonalcoholic patients with panic disorder. The rate of lactate-induced panic was significantly higher in alcoholics with panic attacks than in alcoholics without panic attacks. Alcoholics with panic attacks were similar to nonalcoholic patients with panic disorder in their response to lactate. These findings support the specificity of lactate-induced panic for panic states and suggest that panic attacks in alcoholics resemble those in nonalcoholics. Lactate infusion may prove useful in the diagnosis of panic disorder in alcoholics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1479-1483
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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