Respiratory symptoms and obstructive pulmonary disease in a population aged over 70 years

Jon A. Hardie, William M. Vollmer, A. Sonia Buist, Per Bakke, Odd Mørkve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study question: What is the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and obstructive pulmonary disease by age, sex, and smoking history in a population aged 70 years and older? What is the association between selected comorbidities and obstructive pulmonary disease? Patients and methods: A questionnaire on respiratory symptoms and disease, selected comorbidities, and smoking history was mailed to a cross-sectional, sexand age-stratified, random sample of the population 70 years and older of Bergen, Norway. Results: About 11% of these elderly persons reported having at least one curre obstructive pulmonary disease, 8% reported daily wheezing, and 12% reported significant dyspnea. The only respiratory symptom or disorder to show any clear agerelated pattern was dyspnea, which increased through age 89 before declining. Dyspnea, current asthma, and current chronic bronchitis were about half as likely in males as females, after adjusting for smoking pack-years. Persons with obstructive pulmonary disease reported problems with walking, heart disease, and muscle/joint disease more frequently than those without. Conclusions: The prevalence of respiratory symptoms and obstructive pulmonary disease has been estimated. Only dyspnea was associated with age in this elderly population. Female sex was a predictor of dyspnea, current asthma, and current chronic bronchitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-195
Number of pages10
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Aged 70 and over
  • Comorbidity
  • Epidemiological study
  • Respiratory symptoms
  • Tobacco smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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