Research on Social Support in Adolescents with IDDM: A Critical Review

Thomas E. Burroughs, Michael Harris, Sharon L. Pontious, Julio V. Santiago

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations


This article provides a review ofthe findings of 32 scientific studies that examined the relationship between social support and adherence/metabolic control in adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Social support included qualitative family support characteristics, communication patterns, sibling and peer relationships, and regimen-specific support behaviors. The literature was examined in the context of adolescent development. Although the results of these studies were somewhat inconsistent, some general patterns emerged that are described and discussed in detail. Methodological limitations and suggestions for future research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-448
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes Educator
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Burroughs, T. E., Harris, M., Pontious, S. L., & Santiago, J. V. (1997). Research on Social Support in Adolescents with IDDM: A Critical Review. Diabetes Educator, 23(4), 439-448.