Akt kinase regulates numerous cell functions including glucose metabolism, cell growth, survival, protein synthesis, and control of local hemodynamics. mTOR is one of down-stream effectors of Akt involved in the initiation of protein translation. However, renal Akt signaling in Type 1 diabetes (DM) in vivo, in particular under the conditions reflecting differences in metabolic control, has received less attention. Renal cortical activity and expression of Akt and mTOR (kinase assay, western blotting) were determined in streptozotocin-diabetic rats (D) with different levels of glycemic control (blood glucose 22.0±1.0, 13.4±1.5, 8.1±0.4 mmol/l, p<0.05 between the groups), achieved by varying insulin treatment (0, 4 and 12 IU/day), and in control rats with (C4) or without (C) chronic insulin administration. Renal Akt activity was reduced in D rats without insulin treatment and severe hyperglycemia (D-0, -62 %, p<0.01 vs. C), partially restored in moderately hyperglycemic rats (D-4, -30 %, p<0.05 vs. C), and normalized in D rats with intensive insulin and tight metabolic control (D-12). Expression of active mTOR paralleled Akt activity in D-0 (-51 %, p<0.01 vs. C), but not in D-4 and D-12 that demonstrated increases in active mTOR (+55 %, +80 % resp., p<0.05) as compared to C. Moreover, insulin activated renal Akt (+82 %, p<0.01), but not mTOR in C4. In conclusion, glycemic control and intensity of insulin treatment are important modulators of renal Akt and mTOR activity in diabetes. While Akt activity is reversible by tight metabolic control, combination of hyperglycemia and insulin treatment resulted in enhancement of mTOR activity. In addition to Akt, other signaling pathways likely contribute to regulation of renal mTOR activity in diabetes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Nov 11 2008|
- Akt kinase
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Mammalian target of rapamycin
ASJC Scopus subject areas