Remediating ground water with zero-valent metals: Chemical considerations in barrier design

Paul Tratnyek, Timothy L. Johnson, Michelle M. Scherer, Gerald R. Eykholt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To gain perspective and insight into the performance of permeable reactive barriers containing granular iron metal, it is useful to compare the degradation kinetics of individual chlorinated solvents over a range of operating conditions. Pseudo first-order disappearance rate constants normalized to iron surface area concentration (k(SA)) recently have been reported for this purpose. This paper presents the results of further exploratory data analysis showing the extent to which variation in k(SA) is due to initial halocarbon concentration, iron type, and other factors. To aid in preliminary design calculations, representative values of k(SA) and a reactive transport model have been used to calculate the minimum barrier width needed for different ground water flow velocities and degrees of halocarbon conversion. Complete dechlorination of all degradation intermediates requires a wider treatment zone, but the effect is not simply additive because degradation occurs by sequential and parallel reaction pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalGround Water Monitoring and Remediation
Volume17
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 1997

Fingerprint

Halocarbons
halocarbon
Groundwater
Iron
iron
Degradation
degradation
groundwater
metal
Metals
reactive barrier
Dechlorination
Groundwater flow
reactive transport
dechlorination
Flow velocity
flow velocity
groundwater flow
aid
Rate constants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Remediating ground water with zero-valent metals : Chemical considerations in barrier design. / Tratnyek, Paul; Johnson, Timothy L.; Scherer, Michelle M.; Eykholt, Gerald R.

In: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, Vol. 17, No. 4, 09.1997, p. 108-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tratnyek, Paul ; Johnson, Timothy L. ; Scherer, Michelle M. ; Eykholt, Gerald R. / Remediating ground water with zero-valent metals : Chemical considerations in barrier design. In: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation. 1997 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 108-114.
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