PURPOSE: To determine if topographic differences exist between large cup-to-disk ratio (C/D) eyes with standard achromatic automated perimetry (SAP) abnormalities and those with only short-wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP) abnormalities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The setting was a referral university-based clinical practice. We selected one eye of 72 patients with a vertical C/D of at least 0.8 by ophthalmoscopy. Patients performed SWAP, SAP, and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. We compared optic disk topography in eyes with and without visual field abnormalities and controlled for the influence of disk area. RESULTS: Disk area was a confounder of many topographic measures. After controlling for disk area, eyes with abnormal SAP had differences in rim volume, cup shape, rim area, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, and retinal nerve fiber layer cross-sectional area when compared with eyes with normal SAP (P < .05). Rim volume and rim area were different in the SWAP comparison (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Investigators should control for disk area when evaluating topographic measures by confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy. In eyes with a large C/D, optic disk topography is more glaucomatous in eyes with SAP abnormalities than in those with only SWAP abnormalities. Eyes with large C/D and only SWAP abnormalities may have fewer glaucomatous optic disk changes than such eyes with SAP abnormalities. This indicates that SWAP is likely to correspond to abnormalities in optic disk topography at an earlier stage of glaucomatous optic neuropathy than SAP. Therefore, clinicians should consider SWAP testing in glaucoma suspects to detect glaucomatous visual field loss at an earlier stage of structural loss.
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