Relationship between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and lipoprotein(A) lowering in response to PCSK9 inhibition with evolocumab

Michael D. Shapiro, Jessica Minnier, Hagai Tavori, Helina Kassahun, Andrea Flower, Ransi Somaratne, Sergio Fazio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background—Beyond their potent LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol (LDL-C)–lowering efficacy (50–60%), PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) inhibitors also reduce Lp(a) (lipoprotein[a]) levels by 25% to 30%, suggesting a 2:1 response ratio. We aimed to characterize the relationship between LDL-C and Lp(a) lowering by evolocumab, a PCSK9 inhibitor, in a large clinical trial population and to determine the prevalence of concordant/discordant LDL-C and Lp(a) responses to PCSK9 inhibition. Methods and Results—Data were analyzed from 4 randomized, 12-week, multicenter, phase 3 evolocumab trials. Patients with familial hypercholesterolemia, nonfamilial hypercholesterolemia, or statin intolerance participated in the trials. The main measure was the degree of concordance or discordance of LDL-C and Lp(a) in response to PCSK9 inhibition; concordant response was defined as LDL-C reduction >35% and Lp(a) reduction >10%. The study cohort comprised 895 patients (438 female; median age: 59.0 years [interquartile range: 51–66 years]). Baseline mean level of LDL-C was 133.6 mg/dL (SE: 1.7) and median Lp(a) level was 46.4 mg/dL (interquartile range: 18.4–82.4 mg/dL). A discordant response was observed in 165 (19.7%) patients. With these cutoffs, the prevalence of discordance was higher when considering baseline Lp(a) concentrations >30 mg/dL (26.5%) or >50 mg/ dL (28.6%). Conclusions—We demonstrate high prevalence of discordance in LDL-C and Lp(a) reduction in response to evolocumab, particularly when considering higher baseline Lp(a) concentrations, indicating the possibility of alternative pathways beyond LDLR (LDL receptor)–mediated clearance involved in Lp(a) reduction by evolocumab.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere010932
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Lipid-lowering therapy
  • Lipoprotein[a]
  • Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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