The mouse genome contains a retrovirus-like sequence, designated VL30, which is expressed at high levels in transformed cells and which can be induced by exogenously supplied epidermal growth factor (EGF). Binding of EGF to the EGF receptor produces changes in intracellular calcium levels and phospholipase activity which indirectly lead to activation of protein kinase C. We treated AKR-2B cells, Swiss 3T3 cells, and the 3T3 variants NR6 (EGF receptorless) and TNR9 (phorbol ester nonresponsive) with various phorbol ester tumor promoters and with the synthetic diacylglycerol sn-1,2-dioctanoylglycerol. Tumor-promoting phorbol esters (e.g. 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA)) increased the level of VL30 expression. Stimulation with either TPA or EGF produced a similar time course of VL30 expression. TPA induced VL30 expression in the EGF-receptorless NR6 cell line, indicating that neither EGF ligand-receptor binding nor phosphorylation of the EGF receptor was required for induction of VL30 expression. Protein synthesis was not required for the TPA-mediated increase in VL30 expression, as pretreatment with cycloheximide did not block or reduce the TPA effect. VL30 expression was also stimulated by treatment with sn-1,2-dioctanoylglycerol, an analog of a probable endogenous activator of protein kinase C. These results suggest that activation of protein kinase C plays a direct role in regulating VL30 expression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology