Regulation of purine biosynthesis in G1 phase‐arrested mammalian cells

Kim Emmett, Joe Patrick, Bruce Aronow, Buddy Ullman

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of G1 phase growth arrest on purine biosynthesis were studied in cultured S49 T lymphoma cells. Incubations of wildtype S49 cells for 18 hr with dibutyryl cyclic AMP or forskolin, two agents which induced G1 arrest, reduced the rates of purine biosynthesis by 95%. Time course and concentration dependence studies indicated that the decrease in rates of purine biosynthesis correlated with the extent of G1 phase arrest. Similar studies with somatic cell mutants deficient in some component of cyclic AMP action or metabolism indicated that the depression in purine synthetic rates required G1 arrest and did not result from cell death. Rates of RNA and DNA synthesis were also markedly diminished in the growth arrested cells. Measurements of purine rates in the presence of azaserine indicated that the block in purine biosynthesis was prior to the formation of phosphoribosylformylglycinamide. Additionally, the activities of adenylosuccinate synthetase and IMP dehydrogenase were diminished in G1 arrested cells. The levels of all controlling enzymes, substrates, and cofactors, however, were not diminished in G1 arrested cells. Despite diminished rates of purine biosynthesis, the amounts of intracellular nucleotides in G1 cells were equivalent to those in exponentially growing cells. However, the concentrations of intracellular nucleotides were 30–50% higher in the growth arrested cells. These results suggested that perturbations in the consumption of nucleotides via inhibition of nucleic acid synthesis have profound effects on the purine pathway and indicated the importance of feedback inhibition by nucleotides in the regulation of purine synthesis in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-287
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume125
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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